Today I was eating lunch at my favorite outdoor cafe. An older guy and I were talking about various things when one the new extranjeros (immigrants) sat down to join us.
I had been telling my friend about how Simon Magus bested Jesus with his flight around Rome and how that history has been removed or changed by the Catholic Church to favor the Jesus myth.
This new guy who had sat down said he once worked in a sheetrock/drywall/gypsum board manufacturing plant in Caledonia, New York that has long since gone out of business.
He said he was hired to help take the fired sheets out of the kiln and that when they came out, they cooled rapidly and his immediate boss told him don’t lift, press down and don’t question why, you will see.
This guy tells me these sheets floated in the air above the other stacked sheets. He said they had to push them down onto the other sheets and once down, the charge dissipated and they lost the antigravity effect.
Even I was incredulous and thought he was pulling my leg, but he swore that was true, they did float in the air and he said the polarity changed each time but I’m not really clear on that part since he has no electronics or science background and they didn’t have a meter to show the energy level let alone polarity.
Now in the Simon Magus story link above, Simon said all night he had to breathe the earth in as deep a place as possible. This would charge his body negatively.
The earth is negative and the air is positive. So if you charged something to a high negative potential it could very well be repelled by the negative earth.
In the case of Simon’s flight, his weight would be reduced long enough to make a few passes over Rome as promised but as he breathed more of the positively charged air, it would cancel out his high negative charge to slowly restore his weight.
On Bill Beaty’s excellent Amateur Science website he has a wonderful story about an electrostatic factory experience.
“David Swenson of 3M Corporation describes an anomaly where workers encountered a strange “invisible wall” in the area under a fast-moving sheet of electrically charged polypropelene film in a factory. This “invisible wall” was strong enough to prevent humans from passing through. A person near this “wall” was unable to turn, and so had to walk backwards to retreat from it.
Polypropelene (PP) film on 50K ft. rolls 20ft wide was being slit and transferred to multiple smaller spools. The film was taken off the main roll at high speed, flowed upwards 20ft to overhead rollers, passed horizontally 20ft and then downwards to the slitting device, where it was spooled onto shorter rolls.
The whole operation formed a cubical shaped tent, with two walls and a ceiling approximately 20ft square.
On entering the factory floor and far from the equipment, Mr. Swenson’s 200KV/ft handheld electrometer was found to slam to full scale. When he attempted to walk through the corridor formed by the moving film, he was stopped about half way through by an “invisible wall.” He could lean all his weight forward but was unable to pass. He observed a fly get pulled into the charged, moving plastic, and speculates that the e-fields might have been strong enough to suck in birds!”
Bill writes; “I wonder if the (I assume) huge quantity of air ions had anything to do with your weird phenomenon. Maybe the “wall” effect involves a plug of ionized air which is held in place by the opposite charge on the film.
If so, your repulsion phenomenon would not occur if the “tent” of film was replaced with highly charged metal plates, since the source of
oppositely-polarized electric wind would then be missing. I’m still
convinced that the charged film should produce an attractive force upon a human body.
Repulsion requires that the human be charged with the same polarity as the PP film, yet induction should produce an *opposite* body charge, so attraction is expected. But if a plug of oppositely-charged air was strongly attracted into the “tent” of PP film, it might produce a significant pressure-gradient in the surrounding air.
A fraction of a PSI per foot would be more than enough to prevent someone from walking forward. If this is the origin of the effect, then the repulsion forces you experienced involved air pressure rather than electrostatic attraction/repulsion.
This might be an entirely new way to accomplish levitation. Attract
a whirling blob of ionized air to an oppositely-charged plate, then use
the resulting pressure gradient to lift and manipulate uncharged objects.
Sort of like a fluidized bed, but using charged air instead of sand.”
Electrostatic Discharge: Causes, Effects, and Solutions – Sources of ESD. All materials (insulators and conductors alike) are sources of ESD. They are lumped together in what is known as the triboelectric series, which defines the materials associated with positive or negative charges.
Positive charges accumulate predominantly on human skin or animal fur.
Negative charges are more common to synthetic materials such as Styrofoam or plastic cups. The amount of electrostatic charge that can accumulate on any item is dependent on its capacity to store a charge.
For example, the human body can store a charge equal to 250 picofarads. This correlates into a stored charge that can be as high as 25,000V.
A recent investigation found the human body and its clothing capable of storing between 500V and 2500V electrostatic during the normal workday. This is far above the level that damages circuits yet below the human perception threshold.
The word static simply means the charge cannot be equalized or transferred through electromotive force until there is a decrease in the capacitance between two objects.
An example of this can be your hand (which may hold a negative charge) as it approaches a doorknob (which may hold a positive charge). As your hand moves closer to the doorknob, the capacitance between the object and your hand will decrease. This results in a flow of current between your hand and the doorknob. This transfer is known as electrostatic discharge, or ESD.
How to Make an Electret – Consider the so-called electret. This device is a small cake of specially prepared wax that has the property of permanently maintaining an electric field; it is the electrical analogue of a permanent magnet. No one knows in precise detail how an electret works, nor does it presently have a significant task to perform.
Heaviside coined the word ‘electret,’ by analogy to ‘magnet.’ The analogy between the magnet and the electret is striking, and this includes the way in which they are fabricated.
For example, a magnet can be made ‘cold,’ but the strength and permanence of its magnetism is enhanced if the material is placed in a magnetic field while it is in the liquid state and is then allowed to cool while the field is maintained. The same is true of the electret, though of course the effect and the field are electrical.
Drywall, which is made primarily of a calcium sulfate dihydrate (gypsum) core with paper on both sides, is one of the most widely used construction materials. Because board failure often occurs at the gypsum core/paper interface, it has become important to know the exact nature of the gypsum/cellulose bond.
How Drywall is Made – Drywall is a construction material consisting of thin panels of gypsum board. The board is composed of a layer of gypsum rock sandwiched between two layers of special paper.
Gypsum contains large amounts of water bound in crystalline form; 10 square feet (1.0 sq m) of gypsum board contains over 2 quarts (2 1) of water. When exposed to fire, the water in the gypsum board vaporizes; the temperature of the panel remains at 212°F (100°C) until all of the water is released, protecting the underlying wood framework. Even after all of the water evaporates, the gypsum itself will not burn and continues to provide substantial fire protection.
Each molecule of gypsum (or dihydrous calcium sulfate) is composed of two molecules of water (H 2 0) and one of calcium sulfate (CaSO 4 ). By weight the compound is 21% water, but by volume it is nearly 50% water.
Because the water present in gypsum is in crystalline form, the material is dry. Although ice, another form of crystalline water, becomes a liquid at room temperature, the water bound in the gypsum molecules remains solid unless it is heated to 212°F (100°C), at which point it changes to a gaseous state and evaporates.
Gypsum that has been crushed and heated to remove 75% of its water content is known as plaster of Paris.
Two types of paper are used in the production of most drywall, and both types are made from recycled newspaper. The ivory manila face paper, when properly primed, readily accepts most paints and other types of wall finishing products. The gray back paper can be laminated with aluminum foil to produce a special type of drywall that resists the flow of water vapor in environments like bathrooms.
The drying process – * 7 The panels are transferred to a conveyor line that feeds them through a long, drying oven. At one plant, for example, the gas-fired oven is 470 feet (143 m) long. Panels enter the oven at 500°F (260°C) and are exposed to gradually decreasing levels of heat during the 35-40 minutes they travel through the system. Humidity and temperature are carefully controlled in the dryer.
The finished product – * 8 After emerging from the drying oven, the dry wall panels are visually inspected before being bundled into “lifts” of 30 or 40 boards and transferred to the warehouse to await shipment. Each board is labeled with a UPC bar code that is used for warehouse inventory, billing, and price scanning at the retail level.
So, how could a heavy sheet of 5/8″ gypsum board levitate as it comes out of they drying oven?
Could it be a giant electret which I’d think could contain a lethally high electrical charge and yet the guy who told me about this didn’t say there were any special precautions nor was anyone shocked or hurt in anyway. I’ll ask about that. Maybe they were on a concrete floor or some form of faraday cage that wouldn’t let a discharge occur.
And a search on ‘gypsum electret’ reveals this fascinating page;
T.T.Browns Petrovoltaic-effekt – “Brown in the years 1931-’33, systematically looked for the cause of extraordinary potentials, that occur specifically in heavy rock types. He called this effect “petrovoltaic” [(stone voltage)], and suspected that these “self-potentials” are caused by rectification of gravitational cosmic radiation,
and especially in polarisable and specifically heavy dielectrics. …”
(from the paragraph on Gypsum:) – “Self-potentials in Gypsum; Autogenic potentials in freshly prepared building gypsum […] are created easily for example due to the “Trigger-Effect” of a resistance measurement. […]
Gypsum filled plastic tubing is used, such as a plastic water hose coiled up with a 21 cm diameter and 3 to 4 windings, was used. The liquid gypsum paste was pushed ([pumped]) into the tubing using compressed air, which caused some of the gypsum to be pushed out the other end and caused some air bubbles in the gypsum.
As electrodes ([stainless?]) steel screws were used. Some of these gypsum coils produced longer lasting voltages up to 300 mV. Here too there were undeninable fluctuations in potential, as well as a potential drop after introduction of the coil into the Orac ([Orgone Accumulator, which he used in the photoresistor tests he described right before this paragraph.]).
Only halfway april next year did the potential of that coil start to rise, and finally reached an average potential of 100 mV […]. ([note: connected diagrams show this specific gypsum coil + Orac experiment to have taken place in the beginning of december.]) Gypsum in plastic mold/encasing can hold its self-potential in air under normal circumstances for 1 to 2 years, although it does disappear as time progresses due to dehydration. When a plastic cover is removed, one will then find a completely dry gypsum.”
As always….Research continues…